OPUS WorkFlow Systems
Get into the game with Opus! Long have the complexity and high startup and operating costs of digitization projects kept most libraries, museums and archives on the sidelines. Opus leverages today's highperformance, low-cost computers to obliterate those barriers with its paint-by-numbers digitization system that produces the highest quality digital collections possible at less than 1/3 historic startup and operating costs. In as little as one day, Digital Library Systems Group (DLSG) installation and training staff will leave you with a fully operational digitization system. Followon training sessions via the Web ensure that your staff is producing multiple beautiful digital books per day in no time, complete with hierarchical metadata.
With the new low prices and high-performance of the latest book scanning hardware, complete digitization labs are surprisingly affordable.
The digital archives that Opus creates can be accessed without proprietary software. Using its Compose Collection and Create Collection facilities, Opus can create an unlimited number of digital collections in nearly unlimited formats (derivatives) any time in the future. Simply select the desired volumes and data formats and let Opus create your collection(s) overnight. In addition, Opus' automated data migration facility makes it easy to transfer an entire digital archive to new media while simultaneously converting the image and metadata files to the latest format standards.
Opus software processes raw images directly from book scanners, flatbed scanners and digital camera systems. Opus groups images into objects as it captures them from the scanner or camera system, then manages those objects through a complete image treatment, metadata capture and archiving system, ensuring that all required processes are performed on each page of each object. It then archives the objects in non-proprietary formats of your choosing. Finally, Opus can output repeatedly to the Web, to CD, to viewing or presentation software, etc. Opus is also compatible with Open RAID digital archiving and migration management software.
Opus Workflow Manager completely manages all objects throughout the entire digitization process while also allowing third party software to be used where desired; provides tools for monitoring all objects as they move through the digitization workflow system to make managing projects and scheduling workers a breeze; and minimizes the cost of rework, whether it be skipped or improperly performed work, or even a change in the fundamental rules governing a digitization project.
Opus completely automates the Image Treatment processes by separating two-up images, removing bookfold distortion, fan, gutter, and skew; all in a single operation. Opus also provides a streamlined graphical interface to manually perform the specialized image treatment functions required for both digital preservation and the various types of access.
Opus' Metadata Capture stages are not part of any digital collection viewing software, but instead are built seamlessly into the Opus digitization workflow system. The Opus Metadata Capture stages allow users to select from a list of standard hierarchical metadata templates, create new ones and restrict users to a subset of templates for a given project. The templates include metadata characteristics like requiring certain metadata to be captured, allowing some types of metadata to be repeated and requiring a single value for other types.
Opus' Create Collection stage provides output that can be imported into open source and proprietary content management and digital library systems. Since storage and internet bandwidth requirements rise as image quality rises, Opus lets the user select the ideal compromise for each access system that collections are deployed to. If requirements change, simply output the collection again with different clarity parameters.
Opus adheres to the Open RAID standard. During the digitization process, there are three points at which archival is necessary: 1) archival of images immediately after scanning and before image treatment is performed; 2) archival of images after image treatment has been performed; and 3) archival of metadata after metadata has been captured. Opus creates archives that are open architecture in formats that are accessible by today's communities of users, and with the proper data migration plan, will be accessible by its future communities of users.
Opus provides an Archive Management and Data Migration facility using the Open RAID standard, which is intended to be run periodically, before the possibility of any media-related data loss becomes significant and before the media or data formats become obsolete. Opus' data migration facility runs unattended. While moving the data to new media, it can convert images and/or metadata from its existing standardized formats to new standardized formats, ensuring that data is never lost and is always in a format that is accessible by its community of users.
Opus provides Webready output that allows viewers to select a volume, open it and navigate from section to section and from page to page. A lifelike 3-D virtual page turning experience is provided as well. Opus creates the image files, downloadable PDFs, HTML, etc. including an entry point file called default.html and places them in a folder. To deploy a Web-ready digital collection, simply place the contents of the folder created by Opus on a Web site server and link the default.html file to an existing Web page. A thousand-book collection can be deployed in little more than the time it takes to copy the data.
The Opus architecture originates from a clear understanding of the core purposes of each element of digitization and access systems. In the book publishing business, rarely are books manufactured in the stores that sell them. Not only is manufacturing separate from retail, but distributors exist to attend to the specific needs of each of their stores while providing a simple, consolidated relationship with book manufacturers. In some cases, distributors provide warehousing services and in other cases, product warehousing is performed by the manufacturer. Opus serves as the manufacturer, warehouse and distributor.
Opus digitization workflow software has very little in common with digital collection viewing software. Opus creates digital assets and the latter provides day-to-day access. Opus users are predominantly archivists and digitization workers whose work is mostly done once their digital collections have been created. In contrast, the digital collection viewing systems are used by a much larger community with far more varied needs and interests.
In fact, Opus creates output for presentation and content managers as well as output that can be accessed directly by Web browsers. In the future, when new content management systems are developed to meet new and different needs, Opus will output part or all of the digital collections it has created to the new systems in new formats.
Opus supports the Open RAID storage method for archiving digital masters. Open RAID was designed for static data that requires extremely safe, but ideally low cost, long-term storage. Since digital data does not degrade over time, it is a perfect method of archiving important information, provided the risk of data loss can be eliminated. The Open RAID storage method alone is inadequate to protect data for extended periods.
However, since Open RAID is very low cost and its data can be transferred with little human effort, entire archives can affordably be transferred to newer media every three to five years. During the data transfer, formats of the data can also be updated to conform to the latest standards.
This stage is used to print a tracking sheet for each book, magazine, newspaper, map or other object to be scanned. To identify an object, the scan operator scans the tracking sheet prior to scanning the object and Opus reads the object identifying information from the sheet. A metadata template can be specified in this stage for each object to be digitized.
The Scan stage supports scanning of ultra-large images, including multiple gigabyte raw TIFF images produced by the world's largest scanners. Image objects which are managed by Opus and processed with the digitization workflow stages are created in this stage.
The first Opus Archive stage automatically archives the raw images prior to any image treatment so that the subsequent image treatment stages can be rerun with different parameters, a month or even years later, to meet future needs. For example, an object's images can be passed through the image treatment stages to produce the best possible representation of the 'aged' original. Another pass through image treatment can produce a representation of the 'unaged' original, as it was when it was initially printed.
The Automatic Image Treatment stage automatically determines book skew, locates image content for creating consistent margins, determines bookfold distortion borders and detects the most representative background color to allow for image smoothing. Image treatment functions are not limited by image file size.
The Manual Image Treatment stage provides a fast graphical interface that is optimized for the image treatment functions that are common to digital preservation, archive and access. In seconds, an image's skew angle can be corrected. In less than a minute, all functions can be performed on an image. If a user requires a special image treatment process that is not supported by Opus' production facilities, a popular photo editing program can be launched with the current image automatically loaded. Upon completion, the modified image is automatically reintegrated into the Opus system.
The second Opus Archive stage automatically archives the images processed by the image treatment stages. Multiple versions of an object can easily be maintained by the archive system.
Opus automatically captures much of the metadata specified in the metadata template that was previously chosen in the Define stage. The metadata is stored in a non-proprietary XML format during the digitization workflow process. When a digital collection is created, the metadata is transformed to the chosen output format(s).
This stage provides an intuitive hierarchical graphical interface for entering data. Data is keyed into a hierarchical entry screen which matches the template selected for the current object. The same capture interface is used to create new metadata templates or modify existing templates.
The third and final Opus Archive stage automatically archives the captured metadata in a non-proprietary XML format. Multiple derivatives can be created, such as a lower resolution (small file size) JPEG version for the Web created from the 'aged' originals, and a high resolution print-ready PDF version created from the 'unaged' original.
The Compose stage allows unlimited numbers of digital collections to be exported repeatedly with different image and metadata file formats. Each digital collection is comprised of a list of objects along with the desired output formats and clarity/size parameters. Output formats include many image formats (e.g. TIFF, PDF, JPEG, PNG, etc.) with file name control and many metadata format such as flat file, METS, MODS, MIX, Sublin Core, 3-D virtual pageturning, and website ready.
This stage provides unattended output of entire digital collections comprising many volumes. Processing can be performed overnight, unattended.
Opus takes the tedium out of image treatment by providing users with an interface that is wholly dedicated to processing images for archive, preservation and access. Even problem images can be fully processed in seconds. Prior to manually reviewing and adjusting images, Opus performs image treatment functions automatically. If any automatic image treatment function requires additional adjustment, Opus allows the user to graphically 'assist' Opus and make adjustments in seconds.
Automatic image treatment removes skew, adjusts the border, and eliminates fan and gutter. The treated image may be further refined by manual treatment.
Book curvature produced from scanning tightly bound books may be realigned using Opus' sophisticated book curve correction tool. Text and photos are returned to their original alignment and orientation.
Opus allows for the output of a large variety of derivatives. Controlling threshhold optimizes the clarity for each type of derivative which, in turn, produces the highest quality image for that output request.
Artifacts of all types may be removed from an image while retaining the underlying variations in shading. Fingers, blemishes, stains or even handwritten notes may all be removed to produce an image that closely resembles the original. Opus enables you to publish both the treated and untreated image.
Photostats and negatives are easily inverted revealing an otherwise unreadable document.
Opus' hierarchical metadata capture is controlled by templates that can be created and modified to fit virtually any requirements. Input field characteristics include: required/optional, repeatable/one occurrence only and other characteristics that can be specified when templates are constructed or modified. Opus provides several generic templates to capture the data necessary to create virtual library output formats.
Opus provides a straightforward graphical interface for creating and modifying hierarchical templates. The templates carry the characteristics of XML elements and attributes. Data entry rules such as required/optional and single/multiple can be assigned to each field. During metadata capture and entry, Opus enforces the rules, thus simplifying metadata entry and reducing the possibility of errors.
In addition, the Opus hierarchical metadata input facility allows a user to scroll back and forth through the images of an object (e.g. pages of a book) while reviewing and entering metadata.
Composing collections couldn't be easier. Select the digital volumes that comprise the desired digital collection in minutes with Opus Collection Composer. Simply name the collection and begin adding objects by browsing the digital archives managed by Opus. A simple click of the mouse adds a volume to the collection.
Digital archives are reusable assets, especially when managed by Opus. Once you have created your archive, you can use it anytime to compose and automatically create new and different collections, course curriculum materials, etc. Online digital content and print-on-demand add to the many digital formats.
Opus has a library of script files for common XML, flat file and other output formats for the metadata and associated images of digital objects (e.g. METS, MODS, Dublin Core). This script library is expandable with an unlimited number of custom formats. In addition to selecting the desired output format(s) for the metadata, the clarity and output formats of the images can
be specified (e.g. TIFF, JPEG, PDF, PNG, etc.). DLSG staff technicians can assist in modifying existing formats and creating new custom output formats.
The most exciting and immediately usable format that Opus creates is a Web-ready output that provides the experience of browsing the virtual stacks, selecting a digital book, opening it and turning the pages; as though the printed book were in front of you.
During the past few years, all makers of preservation quality scanners have released new products, and nearly all at lower prices than their predecessors. For example, the Bookeye 3, made by Image Access Europe, was released in early 2006 and represented a breakthrough in price/performance for very large format (24 x 36 inch) open scanners. It has a motorized book cradle and twice the bed size of the widely used Bookeye 2, yet it costs little more than the Bookeye 2. Then in early 2008, Image Access Europe released the Bookeye 3 A2 with true 600dpi resolution, an amazing breakthrough in planetary scanner image quality.
Since the introduction of digital storage media, costs have fallen nearly every year. In 1980, the cost to store the images of a single 300 page book on-line was well over $10,000. Today, $10,000 of on-line storage will hold the images of 250,000 books. In fact, this type of media has become so inexpensive that terabytes of self-contained, redundant disk storage devices are available in stackable, six inch cube packages. This type of media is becoming popular for digital archives because many terabytes can be connected quickly for automated migration to the next generation media. While CD storage is still the most affordable, its redundancy is not self-contained, and handling costs can outweigh the savings.
........ KIC is free, it's convenient, and it keeps you out of the copy line. - Amherst College
........ My favorite is the new KIC Bookeye scanner...it has been quite popular.... It's so cool and scans super-fast. - Boston University
........ There are two pieces of equipment that I love in this library; the hole puncher and the KIC scan station, because they both work every time! - Florida Atlantic University
........ We are replacing all our copiers with KIC... We are thrilled with KIC. - Fuller Theological Seminary
........ Everything works so well - BSCAN ILL with the Bookeye has exceeded our expectations! - George Mason University
........ Thank you for providing such a great product and such great service, and for being committed to making sure that your product continues to be the best that it can be! - Maryville University
........ We're VERY pleased with BSCAN ILL, Everything is working great! - Tufts University
........ Our ILL Department is practically based on our Bookeye scanner with Bscan ILL, we love this product. - University of Memphis
........ We're very impressed with the quality of the scans from our Bookeye 4. - University of South Florida
........ We're so pleased with the service from DLSG at Image Access. - University of Vermont
........ I was extremely impressed with the level of service and dedication ... always a pleasure using your products! - University of Washington, Seattle
........ Opus FreeFlow and our Bookeye scanner are so great we bought a second one! - Wayne State University
........ It's all working great! - Western Connecticut State University
........ Everyone is really liking KIC. It is totally saving us a lot of time. KIC is very intuitive and simple to use. - Montana State University Billings
........ We love our Bookeye 3, love it. We love Opus FreeFlow too. - University of Houston
........ We love Opus FreeFlow and all the auto features, like the thumb removal and the book deskew. The quality of the images are absolutely amazing. - The American Museum of Natural History
........ We love BscanILL and how it automatically sends out articles to the users. - University of Denver
........ Wow! KIC is very easy to use and is self explanatory. Everyone at the school has had nothing but praise for it . - Cleveland State University
........ Given the virtual aspect of students' learning today, this method of research material delivery is essential. - University of Washington
........ We love KIC with the Bookeye 4 scanner. The Inter-library Loan department salivates on a regular basis. They have orbital (face-up) scanners of their own, but they come down to use KIC because they like it much better. - Texas A&M
........ It's the most essential piece of equipment in our library. - Baylor University
........ The KIC interface is ten times better than the BookScan Station (CCP, Scannx, Xerox) user interface. - Harvard University
........ We LOVE LOVE LOVE the cropping features and the upload speed on our KIC Bookeye 4! - The Brooklyn Museum of Art
........ We love our KICs! - Howard Hughes Medical Center
........ I can see so many uses for this KIC book scanning system, and it will definitely save wear and tear on library materials. - Northwestern State University
........ KIC is what people want. We have noticed a significant decrease in photocopy use and an increase in scanner use. The KIC scanners are more efficient and they save paper. Both students and faculty like how easy they are to use and that they save time. - University of Missouri, Kansas City
........ I'm very pleased with the Bookeye and Opus FreeFlow, more importantly the service supplied by your team. I want to commend all of you! I may be used as a reference! - 11th Circuit Court of Appeals
........ We have been very pleased with this scanner and software (BSCAN ILL with Bookeye scanner), both with the quality of the scans and with the workflow efficiencies it offers. Support for the product by the vendor has also been very satisfactory... (in addition) we are filling a larger number of journal article requests from full-text online databases. - University of St. Thomas
........ Opus searchable pdf's are more reliable, take less time and are much better than the Acrobat text pdf's. - Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville
........ As with all really cool, useful technology it was very popular so we are thrilled to announce that a second KIC has been set up on the first floor of our library. - Plattsburgh State University of New York
........ Students line up to use KIC instead of photocopiers. Our users are loving that they do not have to pay for scanning with KIC. - University of Texas, Arlington
........ I am always impressed with the service that DSLG / Image Access provides. - Columbia Law School
........ We love the BookEdge so much more than the Scannx product. KICs interface is so easy to use, it is just two steps. - Millersville University of Pennsylvania
........ I'm very impressed with Bookeye 4 scanner and BSCAN ILL software. We increased our productivity... what took me 4 hours in the past, now it takes me just 1 hour. We are very happy. - Midwestern State University
........ I love the excellent and prompt service you guys provide, I know a lot of tech companies that provide terrible service. KIC is very easy and simple to use. I love that it splits the pages for you. - Miami University of Ohio
........ Wow, you guys (service department) are awesome. These are the best scanners ever. - Colorado State University
........ We've been scanning our older public records using a Bookeye since 2006. Digitizing our records and making them available on line is one of the best decisions we made. - Hendricks County
........ KIC is very popular here, people use it all the time. I love how it performs so quickly. - Bentley University
........ We and our patrons are thrilled with the KIC BookEdge! - St. Mary's College of Maryland
........ Our new WideTEK 25 scanner so beautiful! The quality of images is so impressive. We are extremely happy to have this scanner in our department. - Northeastern University
........ KIC made my life so much easier during a stressful exam week! - Duke University
........ Our KIC BookEdge is our new best friend! It has enhanced our ILL process and solved the problem of copying tightly bound journals with almost no gutter left. Our students love using it too! - Baylor University, School of Nursing
........ The KIC BookEdge+ is a very intuitive system. I got the hang of it quickly... I don't know how, but you folks built a machine that knew what I was thinking, what I was needing. ... Just feedback to show my appreciation for KIC and your super service. Like I said, you guys made me feel important! - Texas Tech University
........ Our KIC BookEdge system looks so much nicer than the Scannx (Xerox, CCP), the cabinet looks so sleek. - Villanova
........ If I had the money I'd buy three more of these! (Bookeye 3 R2) We run it day in and day out with great results! - Boston University
........ We Really like KIC, it is very easy and intuitive. - University of San Francisco
........ The BSCAN ILL software and BookEdge scanner has increased our productivity and efficiency significantly. My student workers love it. - Montana State University, Billings
........ Students are absolutely stunned by KIC's abilities. - North Georgia College & State University
........ Our students LOVE the KIC BookEdge systems, so we think they were a great purchase. - Emporia State University
........ I can tell you that of the public scanners we have for patron use [which includes the Zeta] the KIC BookEye systems are by far the most popular. - Texas A&M University
........ Students love KIC and use it ALL the time. - Paul Smith's College
........ Students LOVE KIC - it's totally intuitive - works like a charm! - St. Mary's College
........ KIC is seriously impacting my printer/copier revenue stream! Students love it! - University of New Hampshire
........ Who needs a photocopier now that we have a KIC book scanning system? - Diablo Valley College
........ We always have long lines to use our 6 KIC scanners! - University of Houston
........ Our KIC was so popular - always a line of students waiting to use it - we had to purchase a second one! - University of Alaska
........ KIC is AWESOME!" - University of Oregon .......... We LOVE our KIC book scan stations! - University of Iowa
........ The KIC interface seems to be better designed based on staff and student comments. - Texas A&M
........ Love the KIC scanner. NO need for a photocopier! - University of Pennsylvania
........ We love you KIC scanners AND so do our STUDENTS! Thanks! - Missouri, Columbia
........ We love our KIC system, it is so much cooler than the Ivina. KIC looks like it is from the 21st century, the other one looks like it is from a hundred years ago. Also we love the fact that you can export as an MP3 in KIC. - Millersville University of Pennsylvania
........ KIC makes my research so much more accessible! Thank ya! - Duke University
........ Students love the KIC, they are always using it. You would think that with all the other technology our library has, that students would use them. No, instead they say 'You guys have a KIC!! That is so Cool!' - Miami University of Ohio
........ Without a doubt, the KIC BookEdge is a great machine. But the service we received...is what made the sale. - St. Mary's College of Maryland
........ People love the KIC Bookeye 4 scanner, they love using the cradles. - Columbia Law School
........ Our administrators have noted that photocopier activity has gone down in the past years, and they are attributing that to KIC … the quality of the scans are excellent … The Bookeyes are amazing scanners. - University of Texas
........ The opportunities created for NSU students to enhance their studies and course materials will be unmatched by most institutions of comparable size---and by many that are much larger! - Northwestern State University
........ Each time I've had the opportunity to introduce a new student to this service, the response has generally been surprise and delight. - University of Washington